EASY PEASY GRAMMAR LESSON OF THE MONTH
NOUNS and VERBS:
For the moment we will distinguish between two types of nouns -
(i) PROPER NOUNS
These have a unique reference, and include the names of persons, countries, continents, days of the week, months, and planets –
John lives here.
John lives in England.
Venus and Jupiter are planets.
France is a country in Europe.
Monday is the worst day of the week.
Make your own list of twenty proper nouns.
(ii) COMMON NOUNS
Every object, whether living or dead, human or animal, is a common noun
e.g. - table, chair, house, man, dog, computer, towel, trousers, book
Make your own list of twenty common nouns.
Read the following passage, and then list separately the common and proper nouns.
England has a long-established reputation for being a land of villages set in a countryside which is green and fertile. Each village has its own church, usually an ancient building existing from the Middle Ages, made of local stone. The houses in which people live have thatched roofs and are also very old. In front of the houses is the village green, an area where children can play and where dogs are exercised by their owners. One of the buildings in a village is called a public- house, or ”pub” as it is usually called.
This view of England is only partly true. The majority of the English people live in cities, of which London, Oxford and Cambridge are the best-known.
Verbs express action or a state of affairs -
John runs five miles every day. ACTION
I am a teacher. STATE OF AFFAIRS
We are eating in an English restaurant. ACTION
The United Kingdom has a variable climate. STATE OF AFFAIRS
The Boeing 747 is taking off from Heathrow. ACTION
She is married. STATE OF AFFAIRS
Read the following passage and list the verbs.
I am watching a tennis match at Wimbledon. The game is exciting, as the score is close. The players are serving fast, and they are hitting the ball very hard indeed. The spectators are cheering loudly as each point is played. Suddenly it begins to rain, and around me I see umbrellas of many colours. The players are now leaving the court. I hope that the rain lasts only a short period.
EVERY MONTH THERE WILL BE A NEW GRAMMAR LESSON